Tenancy Agreement Ghana

Tenancy Agreement Ghana: Important Things to Consider

Renting a property in Ghana can be a great way to secure temporary or permanent accommodation. However, it is important to ensure that you understand the terms of your tenancy agreement before signing it. A tenancy agreement is a legal contract between a landlord and tenant, outlining the rights, obligations, and responsibilities of both parties during the tenancy. In this article, we will discuss the important things to consider when signing a tenancy agreement in Ghana.

Property Details

The first thing you need to consider is the property details. Ensure that the address of the property, type of property, and agreed rent are clearly outlined in the agreement. Also, check the duration of the tenancy and the renewal options available to you.

Payment Terms

The payment terms of the tenancy agreement should also be clearly stated. This includes the rent amount, payment frequency, and the mode of payment. You should also confirm if there are any additional charges, such as utility bills, and how they will be paid.

Security Deposit

Most landlords in Ghana require tenants to pay a security deposit – typically equivalent to one or two months’ rent – before moving into the property. The deposit acts as security against any damage to the property that may occur during the tenancy. Ensure that the amount of the security deposit, how it will be held, and the conditions for its release are clearly stated in the agreement.

Maintenance and Repairs

The tenancy agreement should define the responsibilities of the landlord and tenant towards maintenance and repairs. The agreement should state who is responsible for maintenance and repairs of the property and what constitutes general wear and tear. Any damage caused by the tenant should be repaired at the tenant’s expense.


If you intend to sublet the property or bring in a flatmate during the tenancy, ensure that the agreement clearly outlines the terms and conditions of subletting. This includes the number of occupants allowed in the property, the subletting duration, and any additional rent payable.


If you intend to keep pets on the property, ensure that the agreement stipulates whether pets are allowed, the type of pets, and any restrictions or conditions.

Termination of Tenancy

The tenancy agreement should outline the conditions under which either party can terminate the tenancy. This includes the notice period required, the reasons for termination, and any fees or penalties for early termination.

Inspection and Inventory

Before moving into the property, it is essential to carry out an inspection and inventory check with the landlord. This will identify any existing damage to the property, furniture, and fittings. The inspection and inventory check should be outlined in the tenancy agreement.


If you intend to make any alterations or modifications to the property, ensure that the agreement clearly outlines the procedures and conditions for obtaining permission to do so.

Legal Clauses

The tenancy agreement should contain legal clauses that protect both the landlord and tenant. These may include clauses on force majeure, liability, insurance, and dispute resolution.

In conclusion, renting a property in Ghana is a popular option for many individuals and families. However, before signing a tenancy agreement, it is essential to understand your obligations, responsibilities, and rights. Ensure that the agreement covers all the necessary details such as property details, payment terms, security deposit, maintenance and repairs, subletting, pets, termination of tenancy, inspection and inventory, alterations, and legal clauses. By doing so, you can avoid any misunderstandings or disputes with your landlord and have a safe, secure, and enjoyable tenancy experience.